10 Lesser-Known Facts About the Titanic
The Titanic was a mighty ship brought to its knees by an iceberg. Itâs a ship few people on this Earth have never heard ofâa real life fable told from generation to generation so that we might learn the lessons of our forefathers. Donât reach to far too fast or you might come a cropper. Although the tragedy of the Titanic is common knowledge for most of us, there are many little fascinating facts about the great boat which arenât. And as is so often the case with the tragedies of humankind, they highlight not only our most shallow and cynical sides but also our most gallant and sympathetic sides as well. Here are ten lesser known tantalizing Titanic factsâŚ
Fact: Silent Screen Star Survives And Makes a Profit Off The Tragedy
Dorothy Gibson was a pretty big deal in her time. A star of the silent-screen, alongside such luminaries as Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin, the first class passenger was a household name by the time she stepped on the Titanic. She had become popular as a comedienne in Miss Masquerader (1911) and Love Finds a Way (1912). But out of the 1,502 people to perish on the vessel, Gibson survived to tell the tale. Well, not just tell it, to star in it as well. Saved From the Titanic, began filming just five days after the Titanic sank. It was a hugely successful silent movie and the first of many hit Titanic films (although all reels of the movie were destroyed in a fire in 1914). Gibson even wore the same clothes she was wearing on the ship on the day of the tragedy in the movieâa dress, sweater, gloves, and black pumps.
Eventually, however, another shadow of the 20th century would be cast over Gibson. After a relatively short film career she moved to Europe. Although she was at first a Nazi sympathizer, by 1944 she had denounced her involvement with the Third Reich. Her subsequent arrest by the Nazis and brief imprisonment at San Vittore would lead to her death two years laterâat the age of 56, after a cardiac arrest.
Fact: The Captain Was Used to Sail Power Not Steam
At the point of setting sail, Captain Edward John Smith was a 37-year veteran making what he planned to be his final crossing of the Atlantic. Heâd served with the White Star Line for 28 years but the truth is, Smith was probably not the best man to have at the helm. Smith had spent the majority of his sailing life manning sail ships, and the odd steamer here and there. At the age of 62, the old sea-dog wasnât up for learning new tricksâand his lack of experience showed when he commanded the crew to stay at 22 knots (full speed) when entering an area notorious for icebergsâŚ and we all know how that ended up. In fairness to the man, he did go down with his ship but his final hours onboard remain shrouded in mystery. Many eyewitness accounts record the âmillionaireâs captainâ, as he was known to some, going to pieces, losing confidence and being rather bewildered by the whole ordeal.
Fact: Women And ChildrenâŚ And Dogs First
It is well recorded that no only were there not enough lifeboats on the Titanic to save every passenger but that they were not as full as they should have been when they disembarked from the ship (Lifeboat 1 was by far the worst, only carrying seven crew and five passengers, a total of 12 people, despite having the capacity to carry up to 40). However, what isnât known is that amongst the 713 survivors there were also three dogsâtwo Pomeranian and a Pekinese to be exact. Twelve dogs were recorded as passengers but only three made it offâin lifeboats.
Fact: Mystery Ships Could Have Saved Hundreds Of Passengers
As the Titanic sank the usual distress calls were sent out. But nobody answered until it was too late. What few people know is that somebody could have answered. Namely the captain of The SS Californian. Only eight to fifteen miles away when the Titanic struck the iceberg, the Californian did not react to mysterious lights in the night sky (what were in actual fact SOS flares of the larger ship). The crew woke up the captain, but he went back to bed stating that the wireless (radio) operator had already turned in for the nightâthe reason the Titanicâs distress calls were not heard over the radio.
Another ship, the Samson, a 250 plus ton schooner of Norwegian registry, was apparently even closerâonly five to eight miles. However, some theorists believe the Samson wouldnât have answered any callsâdistressful or notâfor the simple fact that they were partaking in illegal seal hunting. Both ships were closer than the Carpathiaâthe ship which would eventually rescue all the survivors of the Titanic.
Fact: Conditions On The Boat Were Far From Palatial
Despite being surrounded by water, it seems that on the actual ship there really wasnât that much to go round. Long before the days of power showers, people had to rely on the good old bath tub. And although sharing them was common practice back in the day, third class passengers had to share two baths, one for men, one for women, between 700 people. Thatâs right. 700 people. Thatâs an awfully long wait for a scrub in the tub.
Fact: Leonardo Dicaprio Wasnât The Real Hero, Second Officer Lightoller Was
2nd Officer Charles Herbert Lightoller was the most senior officer to survive the Titanic. Taking charge of an overturned lifeboat, Lightolller then suppressed panic and took control of all 30 survivors on the boat ensuring their safe passage onboard rescue vessel, RMS Carpathia. Lightoller wasnât just a hero on the Titanic either. He served with the British Navy in World War I and World War IIâhelping soldiers evacuate Dunkirk at the latter.
Conversely, Douglas Spedden was just 6 years old when his nurse got him off the Titanic and on to a lifeboat. Although the young lad survived, tragically he was killed just three years later. He was struck by a car in what was one of the first ever recorded automobile accidents in the state of Maine, USA.
Fact: âSorry To Hear About The Tragic Death Of Your Son. Hereâs The Billâ
As the legend goes, the eight members of the all-male Titanic orchestra went down with the shipâstill playing their instruments. Only three bodies were ever recovered, including that of John Hume Law. Shockingly, just two short weeks after the tragic events, Lawâs father would receive a bill from C.W. and F.N. Black, the employment firm from Liverpool, England who had employed the orchestra. The bill was for 5 shillings and 4 pennies – the cost of Lawâs sonâs uniform. In stark contrast, at the Apollo Club in Brooklyn, New York, a month after the sinking, a concert was performed in memory of the shipâs orchestra. All proceeds went to the mourning families.
Fact: Titanic Might Be A Big Deal Now But It Wasnât Back Then
Regardless of what you see in the movies, the White Star Line never made any claims that the Titanic was âunsinkableâ. In fact, it appears that nobody really cared about the Titanicâs maiden voyage at all. The OlympicâTitanicâs sister shipâwas the one in the limelight when it journeyed from Southampton to New York in 1911. The truth is, there wasnât even any footage of the Titanic leaving British shores and when the news wires realized they didnât have anything to show in the picture houses once the tragedy struck, they used images of the Olympic instead, with any clear Titanic markings scratched off the reels.
Fact: The Titanic Was Used As A Nazi Publicity Stunt
Some thirty odd years after the sinking of the Titanic, the publicity wing of the Nazi Party released Nazi Titanic, commissioned by none other than propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels. In an odd interpretation of the facts, Nazi Titanic tells the tale of a vessel attempting to cross the Atlantic in record time, in order to boast the White Star Line share price. Whereas in real life the lookoutsâFredrick Fleet and Reginald Lee, both Englishmenâspotted the iceberg, in Nazi Titanic, the man who could have saved the ship from disaster was of course the German First Officer, whoâs warning was ignored.
Furthermore, in real life, J Bruce Ismayâthe English chairman and managing director of the White Star Lineâwas vilified by the international press for stealing a lifeboat all for himself. In Goebbelsâ retelling, he even managed to exaggerated this, depicting Ismay, of course, as a Jewish businessman who bullies the captainâagain, a Germanâinto ploughing through the iceberg and killing pretty much everyone on board (an act which James Cameron also has Ismay perform in his 1997 epic).
Ismayâs story is perhaps the most butchered in any and all fictional accounts of the sinking. The true Ismay was anything but the selfish man he was painted as. During the British Inquiry Report of 1912, itâs leader Lord Mersey concluded that Ismay had in fact helped other passengers off the ship before he himself departed in the last lifeboat. Perhaps the stigma allotted to Ismay was the fact that he was the highest-ranking White Star official of all the 713 survivors.
Fact: One Key Couldâve Saved Thousands Of Lives
What does the look out in the crowâs nest need most? Not just a good pair of eyes but a good pair of binoculars as well. And thatâs exactly what look outs Fredrick Fleet and Reginald Lee were suppose to have. When Second Officer David Blair was removed from the crew list mere days before the ship left the dock, he forgot to give his replacement, the more experienced Henry Wilde, a senior officer from sister ship the Olympic, the key to the look outâs lockerâthe locker which housed the binoculars.
To add insult to injury, when Fleet, who survived the sinking, gave his testimony at the official inquiry he stated that if the look outs had had binoculars they would have seen the obstacle much sooner and probably have saved the ship from itâs watery fate.