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Top 10 Pretenders to the Thrones of Europe

Revolution filled the air at the end of the 1800s and beginning of the 1900s, destroying many ancient monarchies. The majority of the revolting nations replaced their thrones with communist governments. You may be surprised to know that while democracy (now the main political system of most of the nations below) plods on from day to day, the heads of the Royal families deposed, continue to use their titles, claim their thrones, and interact with other ex-royals on a regular basis. This is a list of the top 10 pretenders. These are the men and women who would be Kings, Queens, Emperors, and Empresses if their thrones were restored today.

1. The Throne of Germany and Prussia Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia

Georgfr

George Friedrich (born in 1976) is the great-great-grandson of William II (Emperor from 1888 to 1918) and is the head of the House of Hohenzollern. He was schooled in Germany but completed his education in Perth, Scotland, and went on to study Business Economics at the Freiberg University of Mining and Technology. He succeeded his grandfather, Prince Louis Ferdinand I of Prussia as head of the House of Hohenzollern in 1994. As head of the house he is occasionally styled His Royal Highness The Prince of Prussia, or alternatively His Imperial and Royal Highness The Prince of Prussia.

The law of Germany does not recognize princely titles, but German civil law these titles are considered to be a part of a person’s surname. Two of his uncles took him to court over his position as head of the House of Hohenzollern, and after many cases, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany stated that Georg Friedrich was the full heir of his grandfather and that the two uncles were entitled to a small portion of the Prussian inheritance. In an interview with Vanity Fair magazine, Georg Friedrich said: “The German people should think about bringing back the monarchy, I am sure it will happen.”

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2. The Throne of France Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou

Louis Xx-Alphonse De Bourbon

If the French throne were restored, Louis Alphonse would become King Louis XX of France. Lous was born in 1974 in Madrid. He is a great-grandson of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and first cousin once removed of King Juan Carlos I of Spain. He is also a great-grandson of Francisco Franco. His supporters usually call themselves legitimists, one of two claimant parties to the extinct throne of France. On February 7, 1984 Louis Alphonse’s older brother Francisco died as the result of a car crash. From then on, Louis Alphonse was considered to be the heir apparent to his father, according to the legitimists.

On January 30, 1989 his father died in a skiing accident in Beaver Creek, Colorado. Louis Alphonse became “chef de la Maison de Bourbon” (Head of the French Royal House) and took the title Duke of Anjou. He is considered the pretender to the French throne. Louis Alphonse and his wife Margarita had their first child, a daughter, named Eugenia on March 5, 2007 at Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami, Florida. She was baptised at the Papal Nunciature in Paris in June 2007. French legitimists recognise her as Princess Eugenie of Bourbon; in Spain her name is Doña Eugenia de Borbón y Vargas. Louis Alphonse is recognized as His Royal Highness by the French Minister of Justice.

3. The Throne of Russia Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna

Gd Maria

Maria Vladimirovna is regarded by Russian monarchists as the Head of the Imperial Family of Russia and Titular Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias since 1992. Throughout her life she has used as her title and style of pretension Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia. She was born in 1953, the daughter of Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia, considered by some as the Head of the Imperial Family of Russia and Titular Emperor of Russia.

Maria studied Russian and Russian history at Oxford University and lives in France and Spain. Her son, George (Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia), was born and baptized in Madrid in 1981. His Godfather is King Constantine II of Greece (pretender since 1973). Other important people who attended the baptism were King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain, King Simeon II and Queen Margarita of Bulgaria (pretender since 1946), and other dignitaries from the Russian royal family. Maria Vladimirovna is 109th in line of succession to the British Throne.


4. The Throne of Greece King Constantine II

Greece-Weddingphoto-Small

Constantine of Greece, formerly Constantine II, King of the Hellenes (born June 2, 1940) was King of Greece from 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy by the Greek military junta on June 1, 1973. During the Metapolitefsi, the transitional period following the fall of the Junta, the matter of his restoration to the throne was set on the Greek plebiscite, 1974 (December 13, 1974) and the results confirmed his deposition. He never announced his abdication. However, unable to overthrow the government by royal edict, as in 1965, he never openly questioned the outcome and asked his supporters to respect the outcome (over two thirds of the electorate voted for the abolition of the monarchy).

He has lived in exile since 1967. Also called by supporters as King Konstantinos XIII, extending the line succession of the Byzantine empire, from the last Byzantine emperor Constantine XI. Until 1994, Constantine’s official Greek passport identified him as “Constantine, former king of the Hellenes.” A law passed in 1994 stripped him of his Greek citizenship, passport, and property. The law stated that Constantine could not be granted a Greek passport unless he adopted a surname. Constantine has since refused to comply. Constantine continues to use the title “King Constantine,” although he no longer uses “Constantine, King of the Hellenes”.

5. The Throne of Austria-Hungary Crown Prince Otto

Habsburgotto

Otto, Crown Prince of Austria or Otto von Habsburg (born 20 November 1912 as Archduke Franz Joseph Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xaver Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetan Pius Ignatius of Austria) is the current head of the Habsburg family and the eldest son of Karl of Austria, the last Emperor of Austria and last King of Hungary, and his wife, Zita of Bourbon-Parma. Otto lives in Bavaria in Germany, and is a German, Austrian, Croatian, and Hungarian citizen. Although his official name in Germany is Otto von Habsburg, he is referred to as Otto Habsburg-Lothringen by Austrian authorities. He is also often known as Archduke Otto of Austria, Crown Prince Otto of Austria, and in Hungary, simply as Habsburg Ottó.

Otto is alleged to have struck fellow MEP (Member of the European Parliament) Ian Paisley. When Pope John Paul II gave a speech to the European Parliament in 1988, Paisley shouted at the Pope, “I renounce you as the Antichrist!” and held up a poster reading “Pope John Paul II Antichrist”, whereupon he was excluded from the session and expelled from the room by other MEPs. Otto von Habsburg used to be a chain smoker until his marriage, smoking up to hundred cigarettes a day. Today he does not smoke at all, with the exception of one day in the year: the World No Tobacco Day.

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6. The Throne of Portugal Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza

Duque

Duarte Pio is the 24th Duke of Braganza (Portuguese Duque de Bragança) and the pretender to the throne of Portugal. He was born in Berne, Switzerland, the eldest son of Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza and his wife Maria Francisca de Orleans e Bragança, princess of Brazil. At the time of his birth Duarte’s family was banned from entering Portugal by the laws of exile of December 19, 1834 and October 15, 1910. Although Portugal had been a republic since 1910, Duarte’s parents sought to assure the child’s eventual rights of succession to the Portuguese throne, which required Portuguese nationality, by arranging for his birth to take place in the Portuguese embassy in Berne. Duarte’s godparents were Pope Pius XII and Queen Amélie of Portugal, the mother of Manuel II, the last reigning king of Portugal.

On May 27, 1950 the National Assembly repealed the laws of exile of December 19, 1834 and October 15, 1910. In 1951 Duarte visited Portugal for the first time accompanied by his aunt the Infanta Filippa. In 1952 he moved to Portugal permanently with his parents and brothers. On May 13, 1995, Duarte married Isabel de Herédia, a Portuguese businesswoman. This was the first marriage of a member of the Portuguese royal family to take place in Portugal since the marriage of King Luís I in 1862. The ceremony was celebrated in the Monastery of Jerónimos in Lisbon and presided over by Cardinal António Ribeiro, Patriarch of Lisbon. It was attended by the principal Portuguese political figures, including the President of the Republic Mário Soares, the President of the Assembly of the Republic, and the Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva. Also present were representatives of most European royal houses.

7. The Throne of Romania King Michael

Kingmichael

Michael I, King of the Romanians, Prince of Hohenzollern (born October 25, 1921), reigned as King of the Romanians from July 20, 1927 to June 8, 1930, and again from September 6, 1940 until forced to abdicate by the Communists on December 30, 1947. A great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria and a third cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, he is one of the last surviving heads of state from World War II, the other being Simeon II of Bulgaria. In November 1947 Michael traveled to London for the wedding of the future Queen Elizabeth II, occasion during which he met Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma, who was to become his wife. He returned to Romania “at the express advice of Winston Churchill,” who “is said to have counseled Michael, ‘above all things, a king must be courageous.’”

After his return to Romania, Michael was forced to abdicate, on December 30, 1947. The Communists announced the abolition of the monarchy and its replacement by a people’s republic and broadcasted the King’s pre-recorded radio proclamation of his own abdication. On January 3, 1948 Michael was forced to leave the country. In March 1948 he denounced his abdication as forced and illegal. Time magazine alleged that it took Michael over two months to denounce his abdication because “he had been negotiating with the Communists for the salvage of some of his Romanian properties”.


8. The Throne of Albania Crown Prince Leka

King Leka

Leka, Crown Prince of Albania (Leka I Zogu), (born April 5, 1939, the Royal Palace, Tirana) is the only son of King Zog I and Queen Geraldine. He was christened Crown Prince Skander at birth. He is the pretender to the Albanian throne. He is known, and is often referred to by many people including monarchists and members of the media, as King Leka I. King Zog I was forced into exile only two days after the birth of Leka and soon officially replaced on the throne of Albania by Victor Emmanuel III of Italy — an action the King of Italy would later plead personal forgiveness for. Count Ciano, the Italian Foreign Minister, arrived soon after the invasion; on searching the Palace in Tirana found the ‘labour room’ in the Queen’s suite; seeing a pile of linen on the floor, stained by the afterbirth, he kicked it across the room. “The cub has escaped!” he said.

Leka was educated at English schools in Egypt and at Aiglon College, Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland. Fluent in seven languages he also studied economics at Sorbonne and passed out of Sandhurst Military Academy in England. Following this he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the British Army. He has since reinforced the family fortune with successful business deals in commodities. Leka became heir apparent of the abolished throne on April 5, 1957. At the death of King Zog I in 1961, Leka was proclaimed King of the Albanians by the Albanian National Assembly-in-Exile. In 1975, Leka married Australian citizen and former teacher Susan Cullen-Ward in Biarritz. They were married in a civil ceremony in the Hôtel de Ville, Biarritz. The wedding reception, at a five-star Toledo Roadhouse, was attended by members of other exiled royal families, loyal Albanians and Spanish friends, who toasted “Long live the King”.

9. The Throne of Bulgaria Tsar Simeon II

Simeon2Bulgaria7

Simeon II of Bulgaria or Simeon of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (born June 16, 1937) was head of state as the Tsar of Bulgaria, Tsar Simeon II, from 1943 to 1946. He served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 until August 2005. His legal name as a bulgarian citizen, and the one he uses as a politician, is Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski. He is still mostly referred to as Tsar Simeon II, or simply “The King”.

Simeon II is one of the last living heads of state from the World War II era and he is also the only monarch in history who later became head of the government through land-slide victory in democratic nation-wide elections, after 55 years of exile imposed on his family by the communists. It was a first for Bulgaria, for Europe, and for the world. Simeon II is the only living person on Earth who still has, since he never abdicated, the title of Tsar (ancient Slavic modification of the Latin ‘Caesar’).

10. The Throne of Italy Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples

Italy

Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples (Vittorio Emanuele Alberto Carlo Teodoro Umberto Bonifacio Amedeo Damiano Bernardino Gennaro Maria di Savoia) (born February 12, 1937) was the last Crown Prince of Italy and is considered to be a pretender to the defunct Italian throne. He is commonly known in Italy as Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia. Although the titles and distinctions of the Italian royal family have not been legally recognised in Italy since 1946, the titles are still legally recognised in many other countries such as Belgium, and he is often styled Prince of Naples out of courtesy, particularly by supporters of the former monarchy.

Vittorio Emanuele is also a claimant to the title of King of Jerusalem. He is known to some Italian monarchists as Vittorio Emanuele IV. He has lived for most of his life in exile – following a referendum in 1946 in which a majority of the Italian people voted for Italy to become a republic. On several occasions he has been the centre of controversy in Italy and abroad due to a series of incidents, including remarks that were seen by some as anti-semitic. In France he was tried on a murder charge, of which he was cleared of unlawful killing but convicted of a firearms offence.

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Listverse Staff

Listverse is a place for explorers. Together we seek out the most fascinating and rare gems of human knowledge. Three or more fact-packed lists daily.

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  • evan

    interesting stuff there

  • Joe

    Alot of opportunistic dying going on in #2.

    #5 is insane, but funny. I wonder what he does on earth day, clear cuts forests?

  • wowzer

    Heh heh heh, oh, those crazy Royals…

  • Joe: 2: pretty much the same as the history of all the royals :) 5 is my favorite! I always smoke twice as much on anti-smoking day :)

    wowzer: hehe yeah. :( I am jealous.

  • republic

    I don’t see the point in appointing “kings” as heads of governments, they aren’t more prone to have a better government than any others plus you have the headache to have a bunch of appointed for life morons up there.

  • republic: Kings aren’t normally appointed – they are rulers because of their birth. When you have an absolute monarch you just hope for a kind man to be king – because when you get a bad one – there is no getting rid of him (short of killing him and taking over).

  • Cyn

    Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou is a hottie!
    LOL
    cool list. thanks.

  • Cyn: you should see his wife – they look like they come straight from a fairy tale!

  • Cyn

    gah! not enough pics by Googling but yeah what i saw they do look like the fairy tale prince and princess…w/ babies! how sweet.

  • Phil

    i’m a republican (small “r” republican, not a member of a Republican party) and oppose monarchies.

  • ben

    Lol this list is great, Crown Prince otto smoking on World No Tobacco Day. Crown Prince Leka of Albania is a player, just look at that picture.

  • Mathilda

    Frankly, I think Ian Paisley is a complete lunatic, so I’m kind of liking Prince Otto for smacking him down, especially considering he would have been 76 at the time!

    It’s interesting to consider what life might be like if we still had ruling monarchs. Would we be better or worse off if we had leaders who were basically chosen at random (genetically speaking) rather than the incredibly ambitious politicians that we have now? I think I’d rather have either Prince William or Prince Harry than any of the declared US presidential candidates for 2008, to be honest.

  • soonerproud

    jfrater:

    You forgot the Queen of The United States, Tom Cruise.

  • soonerproud

    Mathilda:

    The difference is that if you do not like a leader in a Democracy you just vote them out the next election. If a absolute monarch is in power you do not like, then it is just tough luck.

  • Dr. Bo

    It's rupublican fun in Germany to go to a restaurant and be served by a princess (as you know where they work)!

    • shkodrani

      stuppide of you and the republicans :(

  • Fe

    Am I the only one thinking ‘jeez, get over yourself already and get a real job’ ?

    Fascinating list, I honestly didn’t know there were that many ‘pretenders’ running around, but then unless they have been dead for a couple hundred years, I don’t have a lot of interest in kings and queens. I’m not even sure I can name more than a handful of countries that still have some form of royalty, figurehead or no.

  • Fe: Prince Louis Alphonse of France works in a bank, and King Otto is a Memeber of the European Parliament – so at least two of them are working :)

    soonerproud: That is mostly true, but remember, in the old days, if you didn’t like the monarch you could take over by force :)

    Mathilda: Totally with you on the Ian Paisley thing. Otto is my favorite for that and the smoking thing.

  • Apolodor

    Thank you for the list. Being Romanian and royalist, I am fond of seeing King Michael here, even if it hurts a little. I did not know about many of the rest though.

    republic: Unlike most politicians, kings receive heavy training from birth in order to be good kings. In my view, this make them a whole lot more qualified to rule than pretty much any politician.

    jfrater (comment 6): A constitutional monarch is something very different from an absolute monarch. And constitutional monarchies seem to do very well (see Great Britain, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden).

  • Apolodor: Welcome to the site. I am glad to have the opinions of a monarchist on this list particularly :) I understand what you are saying about the constitutional vs absolute monarchy – but I think that there have been some very great absolute monarchs as well.

    Dr Bo: Seriously? That is mean!

  • Dr. Bo

    Seriously!
    It’s not mean, its capitalism ;-)

  • Dr Bo: it is mean mean mean! Mean!

  • Fe

    Okay, let me re-phrase that to – get a real job. :)

    Politicians are necessary, I suppose, sorta like dung beetles, but that doesn’t mean they should use that as an excuse not to get a real job. *snerk*

  • Fernando de Calamianes

    Kings are Viceroyals of GOD in the absence of His earthly government. If they abuse, He deposes them. If they did well, they probably are still in their thrones…

  • Royals obtain their titles through birth, ergo practically, they enjoy an intrinsic higher privilege. Due to that, they can open political and diplomatic doors that many common politicians cannot. For example, King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand is highly respected by the Thai people, pacify them in times of turmoil and even stop a coup or support struggle to change the system of government when he deems it justifiable.
    Another thing, royals give the present generation a link to their rich history. Royals trace their family tree centuries deep into the history of the country, they help shape the history.

  • Alexandra

    I dunno, being a Royal couldn’t be that much fun, could it?

  • edmond

    The Albanian Royal family are truly respected by their people and are the only Royals in Europe where they are reconized not only in their own country but also in Kosova and the whole Albanian Nation!

  • Pingback: New poll shows British overwhemingly in favour of the monarchy - Political Forum - US & World Political Discussion Forums()

  • Prussia, France, Austria-Hungry, Italy, Russia? Last time monarchs ruled these places Europe bled like a stuck pig.

  • albert0

    Its good to see that Britain still kept its monarchy. BRITAIN IS THE BEST NATION IN THE WORLD!!!!!

  • KurFurst

    Well, I’m a Herzog, of course a Monarchic. Constitutional Parliamentary Monarchy is the most evolved form of government, and it’s democratic. You must be a bunch of ignorant American peasants not to know that there isn’t a single absolutist monarchy now a day. By the way, France does NOT have a land frontier with the USA (apart from the embassies, LOL) Ignorants.

  • Diogenes

    KurFurst:
    Whatsa Herzog? Whatsah “Monarchic. Constitutional Parliamentary Monarchy” ? How can the most evolved be democratic?I am very ignant and american…I dont think peasants exsist anymores
    are you talking of a one God over The people- that shall be given to a “Power Governing”.
    by other people? How big are the islands of “the embassies”?

  • KurFurst

    You just made my point LOL auf wiedersehen

  • Vive L’Empereur

    What about Charles Napoleon? And why has he dropped the last name of Bonaparte?

    These people are all silly. Forget getting a real job, get a real last name.

    One interesting thing I discovered is that all of the reigning monarchs of Europe, and all but two of the heads of pretending royal house (and quite a few of the Ducal houses) can trace their ancestry to back to the Pippinid-Arnulfings and Charlemagne. That’s pretty cool. I can’t trace my ancestors beyond the 19th century. (The only exceptions are the House of Zogu from Albania and the House of Petrovic-Njegos from Montenegro, but neither one really counts as royal anyway.

    KurFurst: Modern examples of absolute monarchies include Saudi Arabia, Vatican City, Brunei (de facto) & Oman. Liechtenstein, Morocco, Tonga & Bhutan have monarchies as constitutionally powerful as most historical European monarchs, even if they are not completely absolute. The various Emirs of the United Arab Emirates also exercise a great deal of power in their countries. Nepal was an absolute monarchy until 2006, but he was a bad boy and will probably be deposed after the April 2008 elections.

    Personally, I think that if you’re going to have a monarchy, it ought to have a serious constitutional role. Otherwise, you’re just wasting a lot of tax money on crowns & robes.

  • R. McNeil

    Louis Alphonse (a.k.a. Luis Alfonso) – whose 34th birthday it is today (April 25)! – might qualify as one of the world’s sexiest (‘royal’) men but that doesn’t make him any better qualified to claim the French Throne (if ever restored) than the Orleanist claimants – the Comte de Paris and his heirs who are not only more French Bourbon by blood (their ancestor King Louis-Phillipe was descended twice over from Louis XIV as well as from Louis XIII) but have the great advantage of being French-born (at least the heirs) and native French speakers!

  • Dubhglas

    Vive L'Empereur

    Actually the Albanian Zogu royal family can trace their descent in the female line from the Albanian hero "Skanderbeg", whose real name was I think George Kastrioti, an Albanian chieftain or noblemen who dared to challenge the Ottoman Empire. The male line of this family were hereditary Governors or Beys of Mati in central Albania.

    I believe that a man calling himself 'Skanderbeg' and living in Italy claims 'direct' descent. from George Kastrioti- though no one has ever seen him. Kastrioti's male family line became exitinct a couple of hundred years ago, so must be dreamer.

    The late King Zog was a despot, but a necessary one who created a functioning country out of a backwater warring tribal province of the old Ottoman Empire. He built roads, schools and hospitals where none existed before. Mussolini screwed everything up for him and the Albanians.

    Young Prince Leka is apparantly working for the Albanian foreign ministry, while his Dad is said to be dying of AIDS!
    His mom, Queen Susan died of cancer- probably from smoking- a couple of years ago. He must feel very lonely- he has no near surviving relatives- better get himself an Albanian fille. Apparantly he hangs out at Tirana night clubs- and tries to pick up girls- without much success. He is very tall like his Dad, he is getting better looking as he gets older. Don't envy him- the Albanians are a tough and unpredictable bunch, especially after decades of ruthless Hoxha dictatorship.

    • shkodrani

      Basically you got some of the information wrong about King Leka, He was the spirit of the Albanians wherever they are, He was the hope for so many people, He died from heart attack and lung problems since He smoked too much, as per AIDS you must check yourself, totally untrue.
      As per Prince Leka He is a brave young man, has a beautiful fiancee and enjoy the night clubs as Prince Harry & Prince William do.

  • Nuno

    Duarte Pio of Braganza is the miguelist pretender of the Royal House of Portugal. The miguelist branch is perpetually excluded from the dynastic succession.
    The constitutional head of the Royal House of Portugal and Duke of Braganza id Dom Rosario Poidimani of Saxe Coburg Braganza, heir of D. Maria Pia of Braganza, the last daughter of the king of Portugal Charles.

    See:

    http://www.reifazdeconta.com
    http://www.royalhouseofportugal.org

  • Lady Grania Mountbatten

    I am ´ligit Queen of Germany whenever I as Queen as Monarch is required in Germany, not the Prince of Prusia. That family renounced their right to the throne and for their future generations did they not? as you said he is a ´pretentender´

    • Jason Bush

      YOu are the pretender

    • jason bush

      you are the pretender & a hoaxer Grania Not-Mountbatten

  • Jan-Olof Larsson

    I think King Simeon II of Bulgaria is not the only monarch in the world, later beeing premier of his country. King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia has had the same history, and he also for a short time was president in exile of Cambodia.

  • Radovest

    I believe that If my country was monarchy we should’ve been a lot better because like His Father, Tzar Simeon 2-nd is a responsible man, and the only leader I deeply respect in Bulgaria.

  • Jan-Olof Larsson

    To Radovest.

    I really agree with you in Your short comments about Tzar Simeon and his father, Tzar Boris III. The work Tzar Boris did for Bulgaria during the most difficult periods of it´s independence should be knowm by more people.
    About Tzar Simeon I know him rather well after about 40 years of correspondence with him. He is really a responsible and humble man, nice and social who never forgets his family and friends. Looking back to some of his ancestors – Tzar Ferdinand and King Nikola of Crna Gora – it is fantastic to see that he had become all intelligence and capacity of political analysis they had. Also his grandfather Tzar Ferdinand was a brilliant man for his time, and the right capacity for building up a country.

  • Dr. B.

    Kings and Queens were the apex of the “class system”. They have now fallen into the “glamour class” along with media stars and the international rich.

    Monarchy is a dying institution but most pretenders are dying to pretend they’ll be on non-existent thrones in future. The Vladimirovichi are a comical classical case in point!

  • J.B

    The Albanian Royals are most loved by the Albanian people, i was amazed when i visited Albania, and traveled around, how people reacted when they see their Royals in the news pappers or media, they just go mad with love! the news about the Kings health by a communist papper, is incorrect as the news papper that stated the Kings health problems was forced to pay a larg amount to the Royals and print a correction for a number of days on the front page. Prince Leka, the Kings Son, works within the Ministry of Foriegn affairs.. is very handsome, is said to be a hard worker, involved in many social as well as political projects in Albania.

  • Radovest Apostolov

    I am from Bulgaria and I am 18 years old.I understand that these are troubled times, but I guess monarchists have something to say and something to offer as a possible solution for many problems that shake the world. That’s why I call myself “radical royalist” because I am unashamedly in favour of a monarchy – anywhere!

  • Nathan

    Georg Friedrich is nuts if he thinks Germany’s citizens are crazy enough to appoint a monarch as head of state. They’re truly coming into their own as a society and country and would be taking major steps back if they were to appoint a monarchy. It’s archaic at this point. These guys should still be public servants due to the money they still make, not public authorities.

  • Rickey

    The Duke of Anjou, is in fact, titled Prince Luís Alfonso de Borbón. He was never Prince of France. For the last 100 years or so,of the monarchy, French royals were Prince / Princess of their Royal House (Bourbon) … not of the country. The monarch was King of the French (not King of France). Under the Empire, Napoleon kept this tradition and was titled Emperor of the French.
    Today, King Albert II is “King of the Belgians” not “King of Belgium”. The same is true for the defunct thrones of Romania and Albania. While seemingly only a minor technicality, the distinction is important from a political perspective.

  • nfac

    Im asupporter of all monarchies and strongly believe a lot countries were monarchies even if some of the rulers are idiots and that should not discriminate against the proper rulers

  • robert

    I have noble ancestry and I am from Poland. Poland is only the country where peasants still exist. In my country there is still a division between noblemen and peasants. The peasants are controlled and ruled by the Catholic Church. Lately the aritocracy in Poland has regained its estates and the titles from the government.

  • Wellington

    A very interesting piece, but the possibility of any of the pretenders regaining their respective throne is most unlikely.
    As a direct descendant of both the Plantagent and Capet (the Bourbons are but one branch of this dynasty) kings and related to every royal house of Europe, I grew up aware of titles. The Duc d’Anjou title originally was styled the Comte d’Anjou, and to my knowledge was first held by Geoffrey V (Plantagenet) in 1113 and subsequently held by the English Plantagenet kings.

  • Joyce S.

    I found this site very interesting..I was wondering
    however about the pretender to the French throne..
    Is Prince Jean d’Orleans..duc de Vendome considered
    a heir to the French throne also?

  • baabaaer

    In Malaysia we have seven sultans…

    AND THEY HAVE TO ROTATE POWER!

    An agreement during Malaysian independence makes each of the sultans as head of their own state, and every five years they elect amongst themselves who are going to be Yang Dipertuan Agong and Naib Yang Dipertuan Agong. YDA have a few duties such as head of Islam and appointment of National Lawyer but mostly considered ceremonial…

  • danny

    I hope King Leka ii does manage to be appointed as King of Albania in a Constitutional Monarchy some time in the future as i support the monarchist party in albania :)

    As said before when King Zogu (former albanian king) was around, Albania was one of the fastest growing economies in Europe and one of the best in the Balkans

    Overall i believe monarchies help every nation in some way or another

    • shkodrani

      very true,

  • HarvardYard

    Very interesting web site. Many years ago, I met H.R.H. Crown Prince Kardam of Bulgaria (son of Tsar Simeon II) at a small reception in New York City. He was so pleasant, nice, and very down to earth.

  • José

    faltou o do Brasil.

  • Haakon Grov

    Maybe you should make a list that shows the thrones of the world.

  • hotel sorbonne

    I think King Simeon II of Bulgaria is not the only monarch in the world, later beeing premier of his country. King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia has had the same history, and he also for a short time was president in exile of Cambodia. – there a lot more examples in modern history about monarchs, but at the end all they finished as they deserved.

  • Utpal Chatterjee

    I need to know your email ids so that I can communicate with all the monarchs of Europe

  • Arbellar

    How about some old ones? ‘Pretender to the throne of Rome’ or carthage – or ireland! in ireland they can tell you if you are descended from Niall of the Nine Hostages – but they wont actually CROWN you. mind you, the crown jewels have vanished, too…

  • ThisMoniker

    I’ve got to say, the amount of people in the comments willing to give themselves up to rule under a monarchy is somewhat unsettling. Any country that has declared itself a republic will never be a monarchy again, and those disposed from their thrones holding on their titles is somewhat pathetic.

    • ParticularistRepublican

      I generally agree with you, but under some few circumstances, a King can provide the state a legitimacy it would otherwise not have. And that legitimacy might be the only thing preventing the state from descending into military dictatorship or revolutionary horror.

      Case in point – Spain under Juan Carlos. Contrast that with Portugal after the Carnation Revolution. Spain’s success, and Portugal’s economic regression, can be traced back to the legitimacy that King Juan Carlos brought just by sitting his arse on the throne. Not to mention that Juan Carlos singlehandedly saved Spanish democracy when the military falsely thought the state illegitimate. All in all, Spain was very lucky to have a plausible and capable pretender.

      You could reason similarly with the Cambodian restoration. Or the possible restoration of Alexander in Serbia.

      Now, of course, any country in which the natural republican institutions already have unquestioned legitimacy would be senseless to throw it away for the fool’s gold of an obscure pretender. But it’s usually only the unstable countries that seriously consider restoring monarchies.

      Legitimacy is the foundation of social order and prosperity and, through those two, social freedom. Where legitimacy comes from, well, that depends on the culture. Monarchies have their uses.

  • oh the humanity

    There was some South African dude who pretended to be the prince of Lichtenstein. He managed to stay in some fancy hotel and rubbed elbows with the who’s who of SA, before someone discovered he was just a bullshitter.

    They even made a lame-ass movie, called Die Prins van Pretoria. (the prince of Pretoria)

  • Ender

    What of the British monarch they’re the biggest pretenders. Hell they even had a royal wedding, where a fake prince marries a commoner.

    • Champion of the Weak

      how is the person second in line to 16 individual countries, and future king of said countries, firstly a pretender and secondly a fake prince. This man will some day be one of the influential heads of state in the world. And the british monarchy is probably the most secure monarchy on earth due simply to the queen with her diplomacy.
      An example of a monarch regaining some lost power would be the prince of liechtenstein, who in a referendum in 2003 added even more powers for himself. This is an example that no reigning monarch is a pretender.

      • TheTruth

        But you’re wrong they have no power at all, hence why they have a prime minister and other officials. They are more of a status symbol of what British is but in no way do they have any real power.

  • Caroline K

    Otto von Habsburg is dead

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