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10 Recent Space Discoveries

The better technology gets, the more opportunity we have to learn more about our universe. In recent times, the heavens have opened up to us in ways we used to only imagine. Here is a list of some of the recent space discoveries, in no particular order. Enjoy!

10

New Moons Orbiting Pluto

Hst Pluto Moon4

Pluto now has four known moons. Charon was discovered in 1978, and is the largest of Pluto’s moons. It is 648 miles across, causing many people to consider it and Pluto a “double dwarf planet”. Nothing new was learned of icy bodies orbiting Pluto until 2005, when the Hubble Space Telescope discovered Nix and Hydra. They are both in the range of 20 – 70 miles in diameter. The most amazing discovery regarding Pluto’s moons came in 2011, when Hubble photographed what is temporarily being called P4. It is in the range of 8 – 21 miles in diameter. It is an amazing feat, for Hubble to photograph something that tiny, that is over 3 billion miles away from us.

9

Giant Magnetic Space Bubbles

558157Main Bubbles

Nasa’s two Voyager probes have found magnetic bubbles in the region of the solar system known as the Heliosheath, 9 billion miles away from Earth. In the 1950s, scientist believed this region of space was relatively smooth. But when Voyager 1 entered the Heliosheath in 2007, and Voyager 2 got there in 2008 they detected a turbulence that is generated by the Sun’s magnetic field, that creates magnetic bubbles up to 100 million miles wide.


8

Mira A’s Tail

Mira1 Strip

In 2007, the Galaxy Evolution Explorer, or GALEX scanned Mira A, an older red giant star, as part of an ongoing surgery to scan the entire sky in ultraviolet light. Astronomers were shocked to find a 13 light year long, comet-like tail trailing behind Mira A. The star is plowing through the Universe unusually fast, at about 291,000 miles an hour. Until this discovery, it was thought that stars could not have tails.

7

Water Found on the Moon

Water-On-Moon

On Oct 9, 2009 Nasa’s LCROSS, or Lunar Crater Observing and Sensing Satellite struck water in a cold, permanently dark crater at the south pole of the moon. The LCROSS was a nasa probe designed to impact the moon, while a small satellite followed behind it measuring the chemical makeup of the material that was ejected. After a year of data analysis, Nasa reported that it’s mission found water ice in the floor of the permanently-shadowed crater it’s probe impacted. Later data from three different spacecraft indicate a thin film of water coats the surface of the soil in at least some areas.

6

Eris

Eris And Dysnomia2

In January 2005, Eris was discovered, sparking a debate among scientist about what the definition of a planet really was. Eris was originally deemed the 10th planet, but it and other Kuiper and Asteroid Belt objects were given the new class of Dwarf Planet. Eris is beyond the orbit of Pluto, and is roughly the same size, although is was originally thought to be larger than Pluto. Eris has one known moon, named Dysnomia. Eris and Dysnomia are the most distant known natural objects in the Solar System.

5

Water Flow Patterns on Mars

Mw-630-Nasa-Mars-Water-Flow-630W

In 2011, Nasa released a statement, along with photos, saying they have evidence that there might be “flowing water” on Mars. The time-lapse shots appear to show liquid running down the planet’s rocky landscape to form long, dark flow patterns. Scientists’ best guess is that the flows are salty water, which warms up just enough during the planet’s summer months to melt and slosh around on the surface. Signs that Mars once had flowing water have been seen before, but this is the first time that such markings have been observed changing over a short period of time.


4

Enceladus and its Geysers

220Px-False Color Cassini Image Of Jets In The Southern Hemisphere Of Enceladus

In July of 2004, the Cassini probe began to orbit Saturn. Because of the previous Voyager missions, Enceladus, the 6th largest moon of Saturn, was deemed a priority by the Cassini mission planners. After several flybys with Cassini in 2005, discoveries were made of water vapor and complex hydrocarbons venting from the geologically active South Polar Region. In May 2011 NASA scientists at an Enceladus Focus Group Conference reported that Enceladus “is emerging as the most habitable spot beyond Earth in the Solar System for life as we know it.”

3

Dark Flow

Nasa-Dark Flow-Large

Dark Flow, discovered in 2008, is more of a mystery than an answer. Patches of matter in the universe seem to be moving at very high speeds and in a uniform direction that can’t be explained by any of the known gravitational forces in the observable universe. Astronomers are calling the phenomenon “dark flow.” By observing large galaxy clusters, scientist have found over 700 galaxy clusters moving at a peculiar velocity toward a distant part of the Universe. Some scientist have even gone as far as saying Dark Flow may be caused by another Universe pressing against our own. There are, however other scientist who have criticized the Dark Flow discovery.


2

Extrasolar Planets

12-5-11-Extrasolar-Planet Full 600

The first Extrasolar Plants, or Exo Planet, were discovered in 1992. The discovery included several small planets orbiting a Pulsar. It wasn’t until 1995 when a giant planet was found in a four-day orbit around the nearby star 51 Pegasi. As of May 2012, a total of 770 confirmed exoplanets are listed in the Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. That count includes 614 planets in planetary systems and 104 planets within multiple planetary systems. As of February 2012, NASA’s Kepler mission had identified 2,321 unconfirmed planetary candidates associated with 1,790 host stars.

1

First Planet in Habitable Zone

607686Main Kepler22Bartwork 226-170

In December of 2011, Nasa confirmed the discovery of the first planet found in the habitable zone of a “sun-like” star. They named the planet Kepler-22b. The planet is about 2.5 times the radius of Earth, and orbits comfortably within the habitable zone. Scientist are unsure of the composition of the planet, but the discovery has proven to be a huge step in finding a “twin Earth.”



  • Prometheus

    Those twin earth discoveries are always interesting to think ab0ut.

  • djC

    Finally a very interesting list!

  • Will Trame

    Interesting. As Sun Ra once speculated, space is the place.

    • You should have got him.. Will is straight-up and lovely.

  • Boru

    Amazing! how do we get on Kepler 22b? space bus? lol

    thanks for the list!

    • Loki

      You need one of those portals they use in the Avengers movie..

    • odaltyr

      It’s something like 600 light years away from us, so it would take quite a while. :p

      Unless we somehow manage to create a wormwhole which goes straight to it in an instant, we can imagine getting to it by long successive steps of colonizing planets closer and closer. Or, if we can improve our speed close to that of light (improbable for now), we can perhaps imagine a huge ship which can sustain itself, which would take thousands of years to get there, and in which people live and have kids, so only their far descendants get to actually reach the place. Or suspended animation.

      Anyway, it’s all fascinating.

      • Yeah.. fascinating, Odalty.. but should it be so? How many billions, in their budget, is for NASA space ish? They have a plethora of homeless and ragamuffins.. yet they spend billions on outta space. Why can’t they sort ish on their own country first?

        • odaltyr

          You’re starting this conversation again?….

          So you’re saying you’re against scientific research? Good for you. Now go plow your fields and hope it rains soon. Mama will gather some clay in the marshes to make some ceramic plates, while Papa digs a hole near the hut to make an oven to cook them in.

          • Lol *grins* :)

            Now, Oddy, I’m not really sure where you get off speaking down to me.

            You choose to put words in my mouth “against research” with a question and smugly carry on.

            My friend Arsni and yourself but heads, and it’s always amusing to me. From the way you’ve just squatted like a bìtch and tried twist me, I see why you’re annoying, Oddy (lol prick). :D

          • odaltyr

            I’m obviously joking around because you tried starting the conversation again, saying the exact same thing as before, thus adding nothing, meaning I didn’t have anything more to say either.

            But ultimately, it does make you against scientific research. Space exploration and studies is scientific research. You’re against it. Hence you’re against a domain in scientific research.

            If you want to drop scientific domains which don’t help feeding the poor, than most scientific research disappears, because most don’t have any direct practical use for feeding the poor, like studying animal behavior, archeology, speleology, geology, restoration…

        • bob

          Do you have any idea how many lives have been saved by scientific research that was first thought to be able to bring nothing practical to our lives? Alot. It’s very difficult to predict how technologies used for space exploration could be used to save lives, but history tells us this almost always happens.

          • Bones

            A lot is two words. A and Lot. A lot.

        • Mikal

          Are you suggesting that if we stop spending on space exploration we will no longer have poor people? If we wait until every problem on Earth is solved before we venture out, we will never venture out. Mankind needs challenges, to expand, to explore. If we turn inward to our own navels we shall wither and fail as a race.

    • Cesar

      Sharon September 5, 2010 If you live where I do being a racist is the safe way to live. The bcklas in Akron, OH USA are constantly ganging up and hurting unsuspecting people. We have 28% black and they DO do all the crimes against white peeps. Getting tired of wondering where this will go. Civil war in America?

  • This comment section needs some of the (sometimes) poster – A(and a few 1’s in name).

    Lol I can’t remember his name ‘coz it wasn’t a proper word, and my mind doesn’t like numbers so doesn’t to remember it properly (like if it was a lettered word). But he was really smart on “spacey” stuff.. and I’d love to read his input on this one. :D

  • oouchan

    Space is just awesome. I so wish I could visit it instead of just looking up at it. What I\’m hoping for in my lifetime is the exploration of another planet like ours. So number one gives me hope that they will be able to.

    Nice list.

    • Same here, we really need to invest more into space exploration + exploration technology. I believe it was Carl Sagan who once said (and emphasized in the Japanese anime Macross) that humanity’s long term survival will involve spreading out not just within our Solar system but also beyond. As it is right now, we are all ‘eggs’ in one basket (Earth).

      • we really need to invest more into space exploration exploration technology.

        Lol wow! How’s about they invest more into this planet’s trajeties?

        • Lol I’m redarded.. don’t mind me. ;)

          • Oochy *grin* :P

          • Joe

            Yeah, you kind of are. Not because you can’t spell, because you can’t see the blatant benefits to humanity to continue our space exploration and the pursuit of knowledge.

        • Joe

          I don’t think you really understand the concept of scientific progress but at least understand that these are baby steps for the eventual human colonization of the cosmos. This is something that MUST happen if our species will continue to live on. The sun will eventually die out and it will leave our earth uninhabitable. So the discoveries of these NASA missions may not particularly help your selfish self in the here and now, but it will most likely help your very distant reletives.

      • Arsnl

        Yeah. I agree with flip here. Hubble is cool or the space rover, but there’s little point into actually sending people in space. Let’s face it. We’re too fragile, we require too much maintenance, we don’t last long enough and there’s nothing really cool out there.

        • I know, Arsni. They’re dowing the Mar’s. And what? Oh so it looks how way out desert it is. So what then? You spend another million dollors looking at a planet as opposed this one here is hungry fierce? Damn?

          • odaltyr

            Your English is terrible. You should improve on it, and actually that’s a perfect metaphor. You would be grander if you improved your English, or your knowledge in any other subject, in the same way humanity would be grander if it explored space and understood the universe more.

            During the early 60s, the general population was against the space race. They thought it was a waste of money. Then we landed on the moon and it is now remembered as one of the greatest achievements of mankind, looked on with awe and respect. It is only closed minded people like you who, once again, pull humanity down instead of encouraging our beautiful search for answers and knowledge. I get that money doesn’t grow on trees, but you’re practically implying that all scientific research is a waste of money. That’s ludicrous. Advancing in space exploration could actually serve humanity : there are limitless minerals in our solar system, on asteroids and other planets. Even money-obsessed private companies are starting to understand that, which is why they’re starting to be interested in space programs, to cash in on extra planetary minerals. I guess it’s a good thing considering so many like you are rejecting government-funded space programs. Once again, we’re going to have to rely on private investors to advance humanity.

          • Arsnl

            “pull humanity down instead of encouraging our beautiful search for answers and knowledge”
            Tell me what answers did we find on the moon? We didn’t even find water. We need robots to go up there and look for it. 2 guys planted a flag took some samples and some pics.
            Sure it’s cool to unlock achievements but it didn’t answer that many questions. Im simply talking about the fact that humans have 0 reasons to go there and robots about every reason out there. They last way more, they arent instable, they don’t turn crazy, they don’t need food or oxygen or water, they dont need as smuch valuable expensive place they, if they dissapear, no biggie, they’re much much cheaper.
            Use your brain dont shout out some propagandistic phrases such as achievement of mankind, beautiful answers and other bs. We know much much more from Hubble and Voyager than from *manually* collecting samples and planting a flag.
            “we’re going to have to rely on private investors to advance humanity.”
            Yeah sure. Look how well that Falcon rocket launch went. Oh wait thats right it didn’t go anywhere.

          • Odalty… smooch… ;)

          • Arsni? Look at you both.. Lol you pair of funny Frenchmansss. :P ;)

          • odaltyr

            Arsnl, I wasn’t answering you, and you’re the one talking about robots vs humans for space exploration. I was just talking about the necessity of space exploration in general, by robots or humans, I don’t really care (although eventually colonizing another planet is an exciting idea). Once again, your answer is off topic to what I was actually saying. It doesn’t surprise me anymore.

          • Maggot

            Tell me what answers did we find on the moon? We didn’t even find water.

            You just answered your own question. We found that there was no water, something thought to be necessary for sustaining life. But really, more “questions” were answered just by the process of getting there. While I’m not ignoring what is perhaps the gist of your argument i.e. “why send people instead of robots?”, I’ll counter with – you don’t think there is any value to the various technologies used today here on earth that were achieved or further improved upon and enhanced over the course of the so-called space race from 1963-69, not to mention other space programs beyond the Apollo missions? True that perhaps many if not all of those things might have been developed anyway without the impetus of an aggressive space program, but maybe not, and if so, certainly much more slowly in many cases.

            Here’s a NASA site that talks about many of these advancements and how they are used today:

            http://spinoff.nasa.gov/apollo.htm

          • Flippant

            MmmMAGGY!! :D

            I lubs you. ;)

            The voice of reason when I’m retarded. :lol:

          • Arsnl

            ” you don’t think there is any value to the various technologies used ”
            Mags i’m studying to be an engineer. The apollos are an amazing achievement. So many obstacles that had to be overcome. And some former slave owners found some work. :-p You don’t need to sell me on them. But, since technology is so amazing, I think that nowadays we have the technology to replace humans. There’s a reason why men arent walking on the Moon. We’re obsolete and that’s ok. We shouldnt do things for the thrill of a few men (or just to say we can do it, yeah send a man on Mars, we’re awesome) we need to do things that can maximize the benefits and minimize the cost. Robots do that. With apollo it was impossible, this is no longer the case.
            That being said, the Apollo cost about 134 billion (in current dollars). Not that many spin offs id say for that cost. But let’s not judge that. The future are robots and we need to understand that. We (you) put a robot on freakin mars. Why do we feel the need to put a costly bag of bones there too?

            PS: I emailed LV to get ur email 2 months ago. Still waiting. But i guess i wont get an answer, gonna ask oouchan in a message. But we should deffo have a beer in sept man. And bump fists and do other manly things. Hug?

          • do other manly things

            Lol SO glad that it’s France.. and not Greece doing Greek. :P

          • Arsnl

            “Lol SO glad that it’s France.. and not Greece doing Greek”

            Im really glad there’s this huge ocean and a continent between you and Europe. Id hate to have to carry pepper spray all day long in case i’d bump into a very perverted aussie lady.

        • Lol don’t, Arsni. *hugs* ;)

          • qwerty

            i hate now cause you cant spell like shit >:|

        • mom424

          Disagree with you both…..what drives humanity is our curiosity. Our need to go, do, see, and discover, just because we can, is what has fueled our success. Sit still and die – seriously. Doesn’t mean I don’t believe we’ve done a piss poor job looking after our responsibilities here on earth, just that it shouldn’t preclude our looking elsewhere. We can do both – if we just choose to.

          • *looks up your skirk* :P

            Wow! How much is spent looking? In comparison to the hungry? Well? ;)

          • odaltyr

            Word.

            I’m all for space exploration, and that’s the beauty of humanity. Our relentless search for knowledge. Our future is in the stars :)

          • Lol “skirk”? I’m fooked. Damn you ladies! =)

          • Arsnl

            Again, I think Hubble and the space rovers are great. Amazing tools to ana*lyse space and it’s these things that show our curiosity is still alive. But tell me 5 reasons why a human needs to go into space? Not talking about that oh the future blah blah blah thing. 5 practical and scientifical reasons why a human being needs to go to mars in the next 50 years. We’re not threatened by any thing. The future may or may not be in the stars but that will happen hundreds of years from now and currently the most amazing experiments that might explain stuff about the universe are done 100m below the surface near Geneva. Robots are perfectly fine on mars.

          • What about the Mars rover? Lol Arsni is worst ish if trying to compare. ;) :P

          • Sorry, Momz ;). I’m a menace bish.. and your sence got caught up there whilst I was playing. ;)

          • Even if Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin or all the other astronauts who landed on the Moon did not find water or life out there, I believe humanity benefited from the technologies developed during that Space Race to get people onto the moon and beyond.

            Currently we live on the Earth thinking that it has infinite resources and will continue to provide for us for eons. Yet we humanity were motivated to build a colony on the Moon, Mars or beyond, that motivation will drive us to make the mission successful. And in doing so will create scientific leaps and bounds that will benefit those still living back home on Earth.

            Currently we on Earth consume fresh water and oxygen without giving it much thought on whether it will still be available in the future. For colonists living elsewhere in space, making sure that fresh water and oxygen is available (and not relying on Earth to be able to provide deliveries of new resources) always will be one of their top priorities. So they will need recycling technology that is almost 99% efficient or better. Which in turn, if this technology is used back on Earth, it will provide huge benefits not only for ourselves but for nature.

            Same thing with food plantations. On Earth, we are always trying to enlarge the amount of farmland we can use, in the processing burning down rainforests, trying to reclaim deserts, etc. But on a space colony, space is extremely limited, hence the need for crops that provide a very high yield per area of plantation. Sure we already use genetically engineered crops on Earth which are designed to yield more than their unmodified counterparts, but for a space colony that will certainly grow, the yield-plantation size ratio needs to be much higher.

            On Earth, if a computer breaks down, we just replace the parts or buy a new computer throwing away the old or the broken. On a space colony, such a luxury will definitely not exist and it may be months before a replacement arrives from Earth. So the colony will need some sort of repair or recycling technology that can repair, reclaim, or reuse the materials that make up the broken computer in order to either create a new one or use the raw materials from it for other purposes. The colony cannot afford to create landfills of wasted raw materials.

          • Flippant

            Yet we humanity were motivated to build a colony on the Moon

            Noo.. uhh.. awkward. It’s America and Miss bitch Russia trying to beat each other. No one I know wants to live on the Moon.. not even to say “Yo, been first!”

            America and Russia ate STILL to bitches trying to beat each other.

          • Hmm…

            Our need to go, do, see, and discover, just because we can, is what has fueled our success.

            ..no. What did “first” on the Moon give anyone, Momz? The hungry were still hungry.. the shìt teeth were still a mouth full of hairy choppers, the limping surgery sat down and the problem worsened.

            That’s on the ground in that country.

            Now, who you think is really YAHOO’ing about getting up into outta space first? Sure, the scientists are happy.. but there’s still hungry, homeless plebs on Earth. Who’s gonna carry them? The country, America, needs to sort its ish out.. lest it be another stinking India beggars paradise that others are reluctant to travel to.

          • careytommy

            Hate to say this but flippant is kind of right. Except for those done within the satellite range of the earth, I really don’t see the point to space exploration.
            Do you seriously believe we have the ability to stop a meteorite capable of wiping out humanity? We’ll stop it with a nuclear bomb in space? I don’t it will work in un-atmospheric space.

          • riz

            our future should be on da earth. a lot of blessings r hidden in it

  • ray

    Congrats!

  • Josh314

    Sometimes i really think our entire universe may just be a molecule in another universe, similar to Horton hears a who. Some problems with this theory but i think its possible. Just think about the vastness and mystery of space, and the possibility of other dimensions, beings… Its almost too much to even try and process.

    And the fact that we would not be capable of traveling to a twin planet is a human factor rather than technological factor. Our minds just cannot comprehend what may be obvious to other beings (Obvious fact, but just something to ponder).

    • You’re not the only one who thinks that our Universe might be just a tiny bubble inside another larger Universe that may contain numerous Universes itself, and that larger Universe might again be inside another even larger one and so forth.

      If scientists are estimating our Universe to have a finite diameter, what lies beyond that?

      Who knows, just as we observe micro organisms inside petri dishes, our own universe could be a petri dish being observed by greater beings that we can not even begin to imagine.

      • Arsnl

        We can think of all kind of cooky ideas but there’s no proof for this or for multiverses.

        • Are you talking about similar cooky ideas that allowed humanity to go to the moon, split the atom, travel to the deepest part of the oceans, etc?

          • Agent119

            There was no proof for any of that stuff either.

          • Agent19.. ;)

          • Arsnl

            Dude what are you talking about? Ever heard of a strawman? You’re comparing imaginary theories that have 0 (zero) backing by no experiment out there with well established falsifiable theories. The multiverse & universe in a universe have as much proof as God. Literally. And maybe you havent realised but nuclear fission isn’t an idea. It’s a physical phenomenon. And before someone tried it (Meitner I think) there were physical signs that that might be possible. The discovery or radio activity, of decay etc. There’s no physical sign that multiverse exists. Understand?

          • Sure nuclear fission occurs in nature and we have observed it, but it is because of someone(s) cooky idea that mankind could develop the technology to split the atom that we developed nuclear power. Otherwise, we would still be heavily relying on fossil fuels and believe that splitting an atom can only be done by G0d(s).

            Technology is ever expanding, science is ever developing, we have not yet learned everything that science can hope to teach us. What lies beyond the cosmic rim at the edge of our Universe no one yet knows, do we even have the technology to see beyond that edge? Just like a century ago we did not have any electron microscopes or particle accelerators that allowed us to see anything as small or smaller than an atom, who knows in how many years we may develop a telescope that can see far beyond what we can imagine.

          • Flippant

            Lol Arsni, so what.. ya know.. what if I’m tweaking a nipple in one hand and juggling balls win the other, while grining and sucking the shaft. Where is that falsifiable theories? :P

          • Arsnl

            “what if I’m tweaking a ”

            Flip i bet there are quite a few minors visiting this site. Could we keep the innuendos down to a minimum? Thank you. :-)

          • Okay, Arsni. I sometimes forget myself. Seeing you just asked.. I will.. behave. ;)

        • vulnerablebrena

          Before I say this, Id like it to be known that I am not trying to argue, just simply give you food for thought :)

          Arsni, you are right there not being proof of a multiverse. That is why it is only a theory. Regardless of if this theory is true, remember that there are many things that began as a theory. Black holes, for instance. It does not mean that every theory is right, such as the Steady State theory vs the Big Bang theory. But these theories fuel our quest for knowledge and have helped afford us many answers.

          As to there not being any feasible experiments being conducted on the multiverse theory, that I untrue. When NASA stuidied the information gathered from WMAP, a satellite that mapped the Cosmic Microwave Background (or CMB) left over by the big bang, they found disc-like patterns in numerous places in the Universe. Scientist in London have been working on simulations and a more detailed satellite to map the CMB to try and find out if these patterns are caused by a multiverse. I know this doesn’t sound like the definitive proof needed to turn Multiverse from theory to fact, but it is more complicated than I can explain :) Who knows if it is trrue or not, but I believe it is an interesting theory.

          • Just a correction, I think you meant to use the word ‘Hypothesis’ and not ‘Theory’ here. The Multiverse concept is currently a hypothesis, not theory.

          • Arsnl

            I think we need to make somethings clear here to avoid useless debates. For a theory to be considered scientific, you need it to be falsifiable. Almost everything in physics, is made up of falsifiable theories (relativity, qft, gravity etc etc etc). So your “That is why it is only a theory.” is a bit misleading.

            “have been working on simulations ” and this shows that the multiverse is not falsifiable. The scientific method (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_method) is based on characterization, hypotheses, prediction and experiments. A simulation is not falsifiable and there are no experiments to test it. It just states “Hey why not?”. But the again i could say God exists. Why not?

            “I know this doesn’t sound like the definitive proof needed to turn Multiverse from theory to fact” Not even close.

            For everybody to understand why the multiverse is not a scientific theory (and no Nobel prizes will be given on works based on it) just think of climatology. I see no difference between the two(ok one seems more solid than the other) . Both are based on simulations, both cannot be tested through experiments.

            And to conclude I’ll use Carl Sagan’s: “Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”. Now let’s move past this silliness.

          • So Arsnl, you are already 100% certain that you definitely know that there is nothing outside of our own Universe? Can you show us your proof?

            Because right now, none of us here besides yourself and moxie are claiming one way or the other. We are simply considering an idea that it is possible for multiple parallel Universes, or multi layered Universes to exist. The idea of something(s) existing outside of our own Universe stems from: beyond the atmosphere of planet Earth, there exists the Moon, Sun, asteroids and other planets. And beyond our Solar System, there exists other stars and solar systems, and beyond our galaxy there are other galaxies, we have to ask ourselves, for if we believe that our Universe is not infinite but has a finite and perhaps expanding size, what lies beyond it? Is there a container that contains our Universe, and what else might exist inside the same container as our Universe.

            You may use a quote by Carl Sagan asking as for extraordinary proof that we cannot provide. But I would rather listen to what he told us to keep an open mind so that we may continue with “…always finding vast new oceans of undiscovered possibilities.”

          • vulnerablebrena

            The simulations are ran to find which areas of te universe to look fir what some scientist believe are impessiongs left on te CMB by other universes. They are not the experiments. The multiverse theory is not a sole product of simulations. You keep saying there are not experiments being conducted, but you are wrong. There are experiments being conducted,such as the Double Slit Experiment. There is also quite a bit of research being conducted int he world of quantum mechanics in reguard to the multiverse.

            Now, you say it is not scientific, because it is not falsifiable. Falsifiability means refutability of an assertion, hypothesis or theory is the logical possibility that it can be contradicted by an observation or the outcome of a physical experiment. There have been observations made by the WMAP that show the CMB is not as uniform as it should have been after inflation. There are many disc-like patterns left in the CMB. And like I said, there are experiments being conducted :) This does not mean that the multiverse theory is correct, but it does make it scientific.

            http://www.letstalkphysics.com/2012/02/why-multiv

          • that I am not trying to argue…

            Nice, Brena. ;)

          • vulnerablebrena

            Scientific debate has always captured my heart. I don’t find it an argument if both sides have valid points. I find it a wonderful way for us to learn for each other… :)

          • Arsnl

            “So Arsnl, you are already 100% certain that you definitely know that there is nothing outside of our own Universe? Can you show us your proof?”

            The only thing i can say is: currently, there is NO scientific proof or scientific experiment capable of proving the existence of multiverses.
            The end.

            “Double Slit Experiment”
            Dude….duuude. I actually had to google what you meant to be doubly sure if you meant the double slit experiment that features in quantum physics. Did you actually take a quantum physics class? Cuz I did. So believe me when i say quantum physics explains it fully and completely (it’s one of the successes of quantum theory).
            And you are confusing the multiverse with the many world hypothesis.
            Let me explain: multiverse is an universe within an universe and many universes that surround us. Like bubbles in boiling water. Epic scale.
            Many world is “different” view of wave function collapse. Every particle/object has its wave function (a function that fully describes its quantum state) ; The Copenhagen interpretations states that when you take a measurement that wave function collapses (basically a projection of that wave function). This many world thing states that no the wave function doesnt collapse it separates so many worlds create all of a sudden, its silly and no one actually teaches it, and there is no advantage of using it. A different story altogether.
            “but it does make it scientific.” No.
            “And like I said, there are experiments being conducted” again all I got are simulations. In those simulations the scientist says well this might play a part in my result, this might not etc etc etc. This is NOT a scientific method. From the result, he basically tried to reconstruct the cause. NOT science.
            And regarding your blog: when someone compares a theory to string theory, and says its cool cuz string is cool, you’re being hoodwinked. There’s a reason why Ed Witten got a fields and not a nobel, its cuz he makes beautiful math not beautiful physics. There’s a reason why Veneziano ( a truly amazing guy) will never get a nobel in his life time.

            Cheers

          • bob

            Vulnerablebrena, the double slit experiment has nothing to do with the multiverse hypothesis. The double slit experiment is used to show the wave-particle duality of light. Also there being discs in the CMB is not evidence of a multiverse. Granted, it could be evidence for it, but that’s not enough to make it go from hypothesis to theory.

        • bob

          Alwindidigital, i’d like to point out that the universe is expanding faster than the speed of light. Therefor it’s impossible to look beyond a certain edge, because light beyond that is moving too fast in the opposite direction to EVER reach earth. Therefor the laws of physics make it impossible to see that far, not our technological constraints. It’s cool that you’re intersted in science, but you shouldn’t think just because you can think it up, science could do it. That’s not how hypothesese are formed, and that’s not how they split the atom.

          • Arsnl you are incredibly pretentious. You never seem to take on board other peoples comments. You assume you alone are correct the majority of the time and the whole ‘ I’m an engineer ‘ story is irksome. Nobody really cares, you obviously know your stuff but you need to adjust your attitude a bit I get the impression you are a ‘face’ around here and you seem highly strung up on that matter.

            The comments section was an interesting to read, I don’t see a problem with space exploration, its exciting venturing into the relatively unknown. Who knows what we might come across, we have grasped what we think is a better understanding of our universe for now, well that is until we find something that can’t be explained by modern science again. Ha

            I don’t believe everything always has to have some huge importance, or the billions we spend on space exploration really needs to have this final product that you seem to be after. We are curious and that’s all there is too it.

      • Shae

        alwindigital: I saved the last paragraph you posted there (petri dish thing) and had planned to log it away in my “quotes” notepad in the computer, because it was an awesome thing to hear and ponder. well I didn’t save WHO the quote came from so I got confused a few weeks later and googled it. I assumed it was going to be some big shot scientist. It was you! Kudos.

    • bob

      Well we know how we could travel there, but seeing as the uiversal speed limit is the speed of light, it would be difficult. We also know we could in theory create wormholes and engines that move space around you instead of moving you, getting around the speed limit, but building those things would require plain rediculous amounts of energy we have no way of obtaining yet.

  • Vanowensbody

    Fantastic list. Fascinating. Well done.

  • Pauly

    Awesome list.

  • Reggae

    Brilliant list!

  • Sarah

    Best list in a while! I adore this kind of research.

  • Excellent list.

  • mom424

    Very cool list – excellent! I believe in the value of space exploration; I think all the answers are actually out there. :)

  • Borten

    Nice list, informative and interesting, I wasn’t aware of most of these things. Infinitely better than yesterday’s rather patronising ‘HERE ARE SOME THINGS YOU THINK. YOU’RE WRONG LULZ’ list .
    Would have liked a bit more information on each, but I can always do further research myself.

    • vulnerablebrena

      I am glad you liked it. I tried to keep each entry short and to the point because each subject has vast amounts of information avaliable. I didn’t want the list to be too drawn out. The dark flow is pretty interesting, because some scientists are trying to use their research on dark flow to prove the multiverse theory. There has been quite a debate fom both sides I find very interesting. One of my favorites, though, is Enceladus. I love Exoplanets, but we cannot get to any with current technology. We are, however, sending a probe to Enceladus to search for life, among other things. They are also trying to find where Enceladus gets it’s heat source, and how it is still geologically active. Most scientist believe it comes from tidal heating, but there are other possibilities. :)

  • Sylko

    THIS is a good list.

    • Oh wait, Sylko. Our two adorable Frenchmrn are gonna round you. Just stay strong and glare. ;)

  • neve

    wow! i always love to know more about space.good list.

  • darkknight9761

    This was a really cool list! Articles like this make one feel small when compared to the vastness of the universe. The more we learn about ‘out there’, the closer we get to understanding our place the grand scheme of things.

  • Mr. Davis

    Cool List! Why do people use “comment sections” to argue/debate? Lol. lame-o’s if you ask me. state your opinion and move on.

    • Lol are you retarded or something, Mr. Davis? Or like never had a conversation with someone else?

      Do you not see how silly your post was?

      Here…

      Why do people use “comment sections” to argue/debate?

      ..you’re first problem. There’s people from every continent on the globe, besides Antartica, making comments. You think everyone is going to agree?

      Do you think that it’s deliberate when a person expresses their opinion and it turns into a heated debate?

      lame-o’s if you ask me

      Well, no one actually asked you. Nor me.. but I’m gonna pipe up anyways. YOU are the “lame-o” if you think that you can come to a messageboard and post a negative, or positive, comment and no one else notices. Should no one reply? Agree or disagree?

      state your opinion and move on.

      LoL! What planet are you from? What if your opinion is total crap (according to everyone else)? Should you just post and bail? Of course not. You justify your thoughts.

      If you can’t hold a conversation in real life or cyber then that’s your problem and something that you need to work on. But never, ever, state your opinion and disappear. That’s weak, son. ;)

      • Arsnl

        ” Should you just post and bail?”
        Now that’s something we’d never see our dear Flip do.
        “You justify your thoughts.”
        Guys call that nagging.
        “But never, ever, state your opinion and disappear. That’s weak, son.”
        Then you must be the Chuck Norris of LV. The eyes of a ranger are upon us :-)

        • Lol Arsni. :P *hugs*

        • Lol Arsni, I think Brena has a crush on you. I know how I am with Maggy.. and I kinda see her in me, but with you. You’re lovely.. just be gentle with her. ;)

          • Arsnl

            “I kinda see her in me”
            So you’re saying I should buy a chastity belt, a shotgun, a chainsaw, barb wire, a bunker and I should never ever close my eyes for fear of snu snu?

          • vulnerablebrena

            Haha. It’s not a crush, I just like to be challenged

          • vulnerablebrena

            Btw, Futurama is an all time favorite. Never live your life in fear of snu snu ;)

      • Mr.Egg

        You should bail because it’s your opinion and it changes nothing. It’s not like people spend days thinking about what you said and wondering why you didn’t respond. These words on here mean nothing, do you not get that? You obviously have no life if you beg for attention from everyone on here. Not getting enough real world attention honeybuns? People purposefully ignoring you? I knew someone like you once, I just wanted to reach out a grab their neck and shake them until they realize that no one likes them and they are just a pesky little gnat and no one wants to hear what they say.

        The internet and real life are two separate places, and I find it hard to believe anyone who takes a comment section so seriously even has a grasp on reality in the real world. You should know by now that all these awesome debates and wisdom on here is forgotten the next day when you start it all over again.

        • bob

          Whoah, mr egg. You are one hateful bastard. The whole point of the comments section is to discuss with other people. Of course people know they will forget about what’s said here as soon as they leave the website, that doesn’t mean they can’t have conversations. Do you not eat candy too? Cause apparantly if something isn’t essentially practical to you, it’s fucking worthless and you’re terrible for doing it and you should be choked, right?

          It says ALOT more about you that you would go on such an insulting tirade after one guy just said he thinks its ok to talk to other people online than it does about him.

          And most likely you did not know somebody like him, because you only read one god damn comment from the guy. How could you possibly know if he’s like ANYBODY you know?

          The funniest part is, you’re apparantly taking comments WAY more seriously than him.

    • vulnerablebrena

      Although I’m glad you like my list, I have to agree with Moxie. Debate is not always a bad thing, only when it becomes personal. A lot of times, the quest for knowledge ends in debate, and other times it starts there ;)

      • Right, Brena. ;)

        • Mob

          JUST STOP COMMENTING PLEASE. YOUR POSTS ARE FRUSTRATINGLY AND BRUTALLY PAINFUL TO READ.

  • rallierf1

    Finally something that’s worth reading

  • Thorlite

    Half of the comments are not anywhere close to the subject, when did this site become full of flirting fishwives talking shit, as well as arsl constantly running down other people’s ideas as stupid because he’s got some little knowledge, well done mate…. Sort of bloke you steer clear of down the pub.

  • Chuck E Cheese

    Absolutely brilliant list. Really mind-blowing stuff, particularly the idea our universe might be elbowing another universe.

  • argent47

    vulnerablebrena:

    Lots of fascinating stuff there; thanks for presenting it!

    I would like to offer a few small corrections or amplifications, though…

    #8

    “an ongoing surgery”

    —should be “an ongoing survey”

    #7

    “it’s mission found…”

    “it’s probe impacted..”

    —should be “its mission found” and “its probe impacted”.

    “Its” is like the other possessive pronoun forms “ours” and “hers” and “theirs” — it has no apostrophe. “It’s” means “it is” or “it has”, not “belonging to it”.

    “Later data … indicate a thin film of water coats the surface of the soil…”

    —not free, contiguous water as in pools, though; films around individual particles, or ice/frost.

    #6

    “Eris and Dysnomia are the most distant known natural objects in the Solar System.”

    They are *currently* the most distant, at about 96 AU. Sedna is closer at the moment, but the aphelion of its 11,400-year orbit is about 937 AU.

    #2

    “The first Extrasolar Plants, or Exo Planet,…”

    —should be “The first extrasolar planets, or exoplanets” (capitalization not needed).

    “…several small planets orbiting a Pulsar.”

    —capitalization not needed for “pulsar” either.

    ========================

    moxie2012:

    Work on that English; it’s needlessly difficult to understand you.

    You and many others ask, “Why spend that money on space research when we have many hungry people to feed?”

    Now ask yourself: How much reduction of world hunger has there been from the trillions of dollars spent so far?

    Then ask: How much has been done to help alleviate hunger, by programs such as ERTS, Landsat, etc. (which help monitor crop and weather conditions)?

    And: “How much effort is being made to educate people so that they do not need to create so many children?” Overpopulation is the leading cause of excess hunger, you know.

    ========================

    Arsnl:

    You asked for “practical and scientifical reasons why a human being needs to go to mars in the next 50 years. We’re not threatened by any thing.”

    Not anything … yet! To quote Robert Heinlein, “The Earth is just too small and fragile a basket for the human race to keep all its eggs in.” (Can you say “major comet/killer asteroid”?)

    And to quote Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, “The Earth is mankind’s cradle, but man cannot live in the cradle forever.”

    You said also: “The future may or may not be in the stars but that will happen hundreds of years from now…”

    And the longer we wait to start, the more hundreds of years away that future will be. As someone has wondered, “What if [Queen] Isabella had said, ‘No’?”

  • Kepler-22b,

    soon……..

    • Mona

      When they left, I felt as if I had lost my arms. I was so sad that I lost my appetite .Al-Maghrabi then flew to Manila to look for two other Filipino worreks to replace the ones who had left. Previously, he had tried worreks of different nationalities but they did not impress him. There is no comparison between Filipinos and others , he says. Whenever I see Filipinos working in the Kingdom, I wonder what our life would be without them.Saudi Arabia has the largest number of Filipino worreks 1,019,577 outside the Philippines. In 2006 alone, the Kingdom recruited more than 223,000 worreks from the Philippines and their numbers are still increasing. Filipinos not only play an important and effective role in the Kingdom, they also perform different jobs in countries across the world, including working as sailors.They are known for their professionalism and the quality of their work.Nobody here can think of a life without Filipinos, who make up around 20 percent of the world’99s seafarers. There are 1.2 millionFilipino sailors.So if Filipinos decided one day to stop working or go on strike for any reason, who would transport oil, food and heavy equipment across the world? We can only imagine the disaster that would happen.What makes Filipinos unique is their ability to speak very good English and the technical training they receive in the early stages of their education. There are several specialized training institutes in the Philippines, including those specializing in engineering and road maintenance. This training background makes them highly competent in these vital areas.When speaking about the Philippines, we should not forget Filipino nurses. They are some 23 percent of the world’s total number of nurses. The Philippines is home to over 190 accredited nursing colleges and institutes, from which some 9,000 nurses graduateeach year. Many of them work abroad in countries such as the US, the UK, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Singapore.Cathy Ann, a 35-year-old Filipino nurse who has been working in the Kingdom for the last five years and before that in Singapore, said she does not feel homesick abroad because I am surrounded by my compatriots everywhere.Ann thinks that early training allows Filipinos to excel in nursing and other vocations. She started learning this profession at the age of four as her aunt, anurse, used to take her to hospital and ask her to watch the work. She used to kiss me whenever I learned a new thing. At the age of 11, I could do a lot. I began doing things like measuring my grandfather’s blood pressure and giving my mother her insulin injections, she said.This type of early education system is lacking in the Kingdom. Many of our children reach the university stage without learning anything except boredom.The Philippines, which you can barely see on the map, is a very effective country thanks to its people. It has the ability to influence the entire world economy.We should pay respect to Filipino worreks, not only by employing them but also by learning from their valuable experiences.We should learn and educate our children on how to operate and maintain ships and oil tankers, as well as planning and nursing and how to achieve perfection in our work. This is a must so that we do not become like Muhammad Al-Maghrabi who lost his interest and appetite when Filipino worreks left his flower shop.We have to remember that we are very much dependent on the Filipinos around us. We could die a slow death if they chose to leave us .Hey! isn’t it enough for us to be a proud filipino? If you are a real filipino,you can feel it!And to the non-filipinos,think about it.

  • bob

    I was hoping kepler 22b would be #1, great list. :)

  • ConstableDubs

    Just a quick tip, it’s “NASA” not “Nasa”.

  • Letonshia

    Super interesting list, good job…For once.

  • Ms Medieval

    Brilliant list! Information like this is always so interesting to read about.

  • BertyFromDK

    Great list, very interesting. Thank you.

  • Savagehenry

    It’s not dark flow it’s dark energy and it’s not exactly how you describe it it all ties in to the big bang theory and is a little difficult to explain without writing an essay on the subject. Source endless universe by Paul j steinhardt

    • vulnerablebrena

      Dark flow is seperate from dark energy. Dark enery is what they believe is assisting inflation, and it is what scientist believe is why all of the universe is speeding up as it expands. Dark flow refers to a certain region of space where galaxies flow towards at a high speed that cannot be explained by dark energy or any gravitational forces known to man. Sorry if I was not clear enough, but I assure you they are both two different things. Google “dark flow”

  • Keeb

    The twin Earth concept is intriguing. All we need to do to get there is to improve our travel speed. Think multi-level warp speed. You know, like ludicrous speed a la Spaceballs. :)

  • Somdutta Das

    Very helpful for my school project.

  • Reblogged this on dhsscd.

  • Leeman

    As curious and amazed with space as i am, and as much as I would love to colonize a different planet.. Firstly, we have no planet in our 8 planets (I say 9 cause I like pluto!) There is just no way for us to survive the space travel.. Ok nuclear energy, lots of energy output less fuel.. But our bodies NEED gravity.. In case we haven’t forgot that little fact.. We try exercising but the truth is, we lose muscle mass or whatever out there big time.. So many factors with regards to distance, time, and we dont have warp speed like star trek. Someone create antimatter engines please? I dont know.. I would like to believe that all this would lead to something like that, but realistically speaking, it wont be happening. But neither side is gonna prove their side cause me and you are going to be dead long before we even find a perfect planet for mankind, much much less get people there.

  • Jbird

    http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/08/25/us-planet-diamond-idUSTRE77O69A20110825
    sounds too good to be true a planet made mostly of diamond

  • afza azmi

    It’s very a truly amazing story about the “twin planet” & about the mars .

  • vanquiz

    Whoever did the PS work on the picture for #7 could’ve at LEAST taken out the clouds in the reflection of the water hahaha

    I like all these “Space” lists, they’re a good read. Keep up the good work!

  • Amjad

    very interesting article .. especially that twin earth planet its really amazing to think that we might live on another planet .. even though its very very far away from us lol.

  • William Wilson

    As one would count a planet in our solar system, Pluto having 4 known moons orbiting its gravitational field gets my vote to become a planet again. 4 moons, come on science, you can’t change history….Pluto is a planet in my telescope.

  • Rocky

    It was not LCROSS , it was chandrayan 1